Labour Provisions In Trade Agreements Current Trends And Perspectives
3 C Malmstrom, «TTIP: What consumers have to gain» (26 January 2016) . 117 See, for example. B, the draft text proposed for the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement. Available at . 60 Bridges Weekly, `India-EU FTA Talks Hit Snags on IP, Environment, Labour` (5 May 2010) ; J Wouters, I Goddeeris, B Natens and F Ciortuz, «Some Critical Issues in EU-India Free Trade Agreement Negotiations» (2013) Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper No 102, 12. 94 C Malmstrom, «TTIP – What`s in it for work, the environment and sustainable development?» (November 6, 2015) Blog. 62 T Fritz, «Analysis and evaluation of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada» (Hans-B-ckler-Stiftung Berlin, 2005) 29 . 64 For a review of the economic literature on the impact of labour obligations in trade agreements, see Salem, S and Rozental, F, «Labour Standards and Trade: A Review of Recent Empirical Evidence» (2012) 4(2) Journal of International Commerce and Economics 1 Google Scholar. 29 The United States generally incorporates a «work» chapter into its free trade agreements, while the EU free trade agreements contain «sustainable development» chapters that deal with both labour protection and the environment. 106 EU draft text (6 November 2015). Available at . The EU and the US have long called for a link between trade and labour standards in trade agreements, both multilaterally and bilaterally.
This article examines their practice of including labour provisions in trade agreements, with particular emphasis on recent attempts to include these provisions in so-called «mega-regionals,» which have been presented by their proponents as a benchmark for labour protection in future trade agreements.